On your screen, you can see the top of the famous American volcano, Mauna Loa. Its absolute height is 4,169 meters! Mauna Loa is part of the so-called megavulcan group. According to its main characteristics (size of the sole) it is second in the world, Tamu Array is first.
The formation of a volcano began 700,000 years ago! It is interesting that it appeared above the surface of the water in only the last 300,000 years. The volcanic rocks of Mauna Loa, whose age is estimated at 200,000 years, have preserved to this day.
Mauna Loa is located in the central part of the island. The volcano is crowned by a huge caldera, Moku’āweoweo. If you have a look at the top of the volcano in the winter, you may see the snowy surface of Mauna Loa. It should be remembered that the air temperature almost never drops below the mark of + 20 ° C on the coast of the island.
The summit and one of the slopes of Mauna Loa, as well as the entire Kilauea volcano, are part of Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, which, in turn, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.