The volcano area in the southern part of the island of Hawaii is known for several active volcanoes. One of them is Kilauea. An online camera is installed on its top. On the screen, we can see the eruption of the so-called Hawaiian type. Kilauea is part of the Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park. Scientists have been continuously studying its activity for over 100 years.
Kilauea is located near the higher and more famous volcano, Mauna Loa. The height of the volcano is 1,247 meters above sea level. The base of the volcano, located at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, is located five and a half kilometers from land. Kilauea consists predominantly of olivine basalt, tholeite, slag, and volcanic ash. The length of the volcano’s caldera is 4 kilometers, and its width is 3.2 kilometers.
Thanks to attentive observation of the volcano, we have managed to document many periods of its activity since 1750. Almost every decade, Kilauea shows its stern temper. The last major eruption began in 2018, when the Halemaumau crater erupted. A series of eruptions began in May. The process was accompanied by multiple earthquakes and a rise in the level in the crater’s lava lake. On June 2, 2018, the lava of the volcano destroyed the village of Kapokho completely.